- More Californians moved within state than moved out of state
- Biggest cities seeing out-migration while suburbs and exurbs seeing rapid growth
The Golden State, the most populous in the country, has seen a population decline for the first time since 1850.Â However, this decline is more of a migration within the state than an exodus from the state.
Urban Californians are becoming suburban and exurban Californians.Â And, in doing so, they have ignited small-scale boomtowns in some of Californiaâ€™s second cities.
Take a Look at the Stats
According to research from the California Policy LabÂ with the University of California, Berkeley,Â hereâ€™s a look at the stateâ€™s urban losses:
- San Francisco â€“ 35,855 left in Q4 2020 â€“ 61% higher than in Q4 2019
- Los Angeles â€“ 126,679 left
- San Diego â€“ 49,928 left
Data from Orbital Insights,Â a geospatial analytics firm, indicates California’s population losses into net loss percentages between June 2020 and December 2020:
- San Francisco – -3.6%
- Los Angeles – -2.1%
- San Diego – -2.1%
Where Did Californiaâ€™s Urban Residents Go?
Most urban out-migrants moved within California.Â Take a look:
- San Francisco
- 80% moved to the countries of San Mateo, Marin and Alameda
- 4% chose Contra Costa County
- Los Angeles
- 30% chose San Bernardino County
- 17% went to Orange County
- 8% moved to Ventura County
- San Diego
- 37% moved to Riverside County
Since COVID Migration, Prices Have Exploded
Since moving from San Francisco, the town of San Ramon, with its top-ranked schools, multiple parks, and newly built single-family construction with enclosed yards and multiple bedrooms, has seen its housing prices increase by close to +30%.
Since moving from Los Angeles to Fresno, now ranked as the nationâ€™s hottest market by the Los Angeles Times, this once drive-through townhas seen its selling and rental prices explode.
Beaumont, a once-was bedroom community in Riverside County, is among Californiaâ€™s fastest growing cities.Â The fact that Beaumont is now home to a new AmazonÂ fulfillment center doesnâ€™t hurt.
Lake Tahoe and Truckee in the Sierra Nevada mountains have both watched their median housing prices increase by +25%.
And, in Fallbrook, known as the Avocado Capital of the World and just 50 miles north of San Diego, has watched its DOM fall to 8 days compared to 31 days one year ago.
According to Sam Khater, Freddie Macâ€™sÂ chief economist, these current migration patterns are all about cost, supply and demand.Â â€œIn the past Americans used to move for opportunity.Â But in recent years, theyâ€™ve been moving for affordability.â€
Where Did Out-of-State Migrants Go?
Most of those hundreds of thousands of people who left California entirely opted for Texas, Arizona and Nevada.
Dr. Richard K. Green chair of the Lusk Center for Real Estate at the University of Southern California,Â said, â€œOverwhelmingly, the people who have left California have been those who make $50,000 a year or less, while until recently, we still had immigration from many people make $200,000 a year or more.Â The tax story is not a very compelling story but the cost of housing story is.â€
California Dreaminâ€™ Still a Dream
With purchase decisions becoming more and more lifestyle decisions, there are still reasons to live in California. According to Ryan Lundquist, a real estate appraiser in Sacramento, â€œWe love our waves and our snow and our warm weather.Â With all the talk about crazy prices and politics, itâ€™s easy to forget the compelling reasons people live here.Â And thatâ€™s why so many within California will just move to other parts of the state.â€
Thanks to The New York Times, California Policy Lab, the Lusk Center at the University of Southern California, Orbital Insights, and Freddie Mac.
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